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6 Different Types of Cyber Threats

Updated: Jan 15

Table of Content -

  • What are cyber threats?

  • Different types of cyber threats

  • Key Takeaways

  • Conclusion

  • FAQs

What Are Cyber Threats?

The risk of a malicious attack by a person or organization trying to access a network, corrupt data, or steal sensitive information is what is meant by a cybersecurity threat.

Data breaches and cyberattacks are a reality for every business. Cyberattacks can sometimes even render computer systems useless. Your company needs to implement security measures because cyber threats are becoming more sophisticated.

Not only businesses but individuals are also getting affected by cyber threats equally. Cybercriminals can steal your personal data, login details, account details, and your money. No one is safe from cyber threats, so it is very important to be aware of different types of threats and be protected from them. Here are 6 such types of threats.

Different Types of Cyber Threats


Ransomware prevents users from accessing their systems. Hackers get control of your systems and demand that you use online payment methods to pay a ransom in order to regain access to your system or your data. Virtual currencies like bitcoins are frequently used in online payment methods.

Public-key encryption is used by ransomware to encrypt files after it has entered computer networks. This encryption key stays on the server of the cybercriminal, unlike other malware. The private key will be demanded as ransom by online criminals. Data is being held hostage by cybercriminals who are using encryption as a weapon.

How to stay protected from a ransomware attack?

Ransomware is difficult to identify before it's too late, and its methods keep changing. Your institution should concentrate on prevention initiatives as a result. Strong information security measures and employee training are used as prevention measures.

You can also create an effective incident response and business continuity plans. The creation of a plan could be helpful in the event of a ransomware attack.


The most prevalent kind of cyberattack is known as malware, which is an acronym for "malicious software," which includes viruses, worms, trojan horses, spyware, and ransomware.

A system is typically infected by malware through a link on an unreliable website, an email, or an unwanted software download. It deploys on the target system, gathers private information, manipulates and denies access to network components, and has the potential to delete data or completely shut down the system.

How to stay protected from a malware attack?

Downloading anti-malware software is among the best ways to defend against malware. When you download something, anti-malware software adds an extra layer of security. The software can be configured to launch automatically, scanning downloaded files.

Phishing & Spam

Unwanted, unsolicited, or undesirable emails and messages are considered spam. Phishing, which includes attempts to obtain sensitive information, is a type of social engineering. Phishing attempts will appear to be coming from a reliable individual or company.

Cybercriminals send you an email or text message with a warning about your account information while posing as an official representative. Frequently, the message will request a response by clicking a link to a phony website or email address, where you will enter sensitive data.

Using official names and logos, the message's format will typically appear legitimate. Any data entered into the phony link is sent to the online criminal.

How to stay protected from a phishing attack?

Phishing attacks are carried out every day, many of which are successful. You can identify phishing attacks to some extent. You can check if they are persuading you to click a link or open an attachment. They could also make the claim that you need to confirm some personal information because there is a problem with your account or your payment information. They can have a fake invoice, tell you that you can sign up for a refund, or show the coupon for the free item.

Internal Threats

A risk to a company posed by employees, former employees, business contractors, or associates is known as an insider threat. These individuals have access to vital information about your business, and they have the potential to cause harm out of avarice, malice, or even just carelessness.

This is a problem that is getting worse and could endanger customers and employees or hurt the business financially. Insider threats are increasing in small businesses as more employees have access to multiple accounts that contain more data.

How to stay protected from internal threats?

Small businesses must make sure that their organization has a strong culture of security awareness if they want to prevent insider threats. Employees will be able to identify an attacker who has compromised or is attempting to compromise company data early on as a result, helping to prevent insider threats brought on by ignorance.

Attack by Denial-of-Service

Due to the attacker's choice of systems, servers, or networks as targets, this poses a very serious threat to organizations. They then saturate them with traffic to deplete their bandwidth and resources. DDoS (Distributed Denial-of-Service) is another name for this attack.

DoS attacks can have a wide range of effects and costs. For example, sending a text bomb to cause an unexpected smartphone reboot to a target could be viewed as a minor inconvenience, but a massive attack to stop an online company from serving its customers could cost millions of dollars.

DoS attacks, like other common security attacks, are a threat to many businesses, organizations, and governments around the world due to the hyperconnectivity of today's networked systems.

How to stay protected from Denial-of-Service threats?

To get protection from DoS attacks, you should first perform a network vulnerability audit and check the vulnerability of all the devices on your network. It is essential to have multi-level protection strategies in place to secure your infrastructure. Poor connectivity, network slowdown, recurrent site crashes, or any sustained performance disruption are typical indicators of the start of an attack.

SQL Injection

SQL injection is a type of attack where the attacker inserts malicious code into an SQL statement, resulting in the execution of unintended actions. This can be used to gain access to sensitive data, modify data, or even delete data. In some cases, the attacker may even be able to execute commands on the underlying operating system.

SQL injection is one of the most common types of attacks against web applications. This is due in part to the fact that it can be easy to exploit if the application is not properly validated.

There are a few different techniques that can be used in an SQL injection attack. The most common is to simply insert a malicious SQL statement into the input field for the application. This can be done by entering the statement in the URL, or by using a tool to automatically inject the code into the input field.

Another common technique is to use a union statement to combine the results of two or more queries. This can be used to bypass authentication or to view data that the attacker would not normally have access to.

How to stay protected from SQL infection threats?

The best way to protect against SQL injection attacks is to properly validate all input. This includes using prepared statements with bind variables. By doing this, the application will ensure that only valid data is inserted into the database.

Key Takeaways

  • Cybersecurity threats are constantly evolving and becoming more sophisticated. As a result, it’s important to be aware of the different types of threats that exist and the best ways to protect yourself.

  • One of the most common types of threats is malware. This is software that is designed to damage or disable computers. It can be used to steal information, delete files, or even take control of a system. Malware can be spread through email attachments, websites, or even social media.

  • Another common type of threat is phishing. This is when someone tries to trick you into giving them sensitive information, such as your password or credit card number. They may do this by sending you an email that looks like it’s from a legitimate website or company, or by creating a fake website that looks real.

  • Other threats include Denial of Service (DoS) attacks, which can disable a website or server by flooding it with requests, and SQL injection attacks, which can allow attackers to access to databases and steal information.

  • Protecting yourself from these threats requires a multi-layered approach. This includes using anti-malware software, keeping your software up to date, and being careful about the emails and websites you visit.


There are many ways to protect yourself from cyber threats, but there are some essential tips such as using strong passwords, enabling authentication whenever possible, and keeping software up to date. Additionally, in today’s time, it has become very important to invest in a good cybersecurity solution. Cybersecurity solutions are available for both businesses as well as individuals. No one is spared from cyber attacks today and so cybersecurity is for all.

You can check out the services offered by iBovi Cybersecurity as our services are customized for both, individuals as well as organizations. Our solutions are also extremely cost-effective and easy to implement.


Q. Are people aware of cybersecurity?

Even though people are aware of cyber security, they are not sufficiently protected. The majority of people may even be aware of the importance of data protection and how worsening cyber threats are. Effective cyber security is a capability that is still developing.

Q. Are the threats to cyber security growing?

Yes, threats are becoming more sophisticated, intense, diverse, and numerous. Cyber experts report a significant increase in external cyberattacks, particularly those sponsored by criminal organizations and foreign states.

Q. What does a cyberattack cost?

Nearly $350 million was paid in ransom by cybercrime victims in total in 2020, an increase of 311% from the previous year. Businesses could lose up to $600 billion as a result of cybercrime, claims the 2021 Global Market Report.

Q. How should you respond to a potential phishing email?

Ask yourself: Do I know the sender or have an account with the company when you receive an email or text asking you to open an attachment or click on a link? Otherwise, it could be a phishing scam. If you see them, report the message and then delete it. If so, get in touch with the company via a phone number or website that you are certain is reliable. not the information in the email. Malicious software can be downloaded from links and attachments.

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